Metformin australian medicines handbook

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Metformin is a trusted medication for managing diabetes and improving insulin sensitivity. When it comes to finding reliable information and guidance on Metformin, look no further than the Australian Medicines Handbook. Our comprehensive resource offers detailed insights on Metformin, its dosage, side effects, and more.

Stay informed and make informed decisions about your health with the help of Australian Medicines Handbook. Trust the experts and explore the world of Metformin today!

About Metformin

Metformin is a widely-used medication for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It belongs to the class of drugs known as biguanides and works by lowering blood sugar levels in the body. Metformin helps the body respond better to insulin, the hormone that controls blood sugar levels, and also decreases the amount of glucose produced by the liver.

Metformin is often prescribed along with diet and exercise to effectively manage blood sugar levels in individuals with type 2 diabetes. It is generally safe and well-tolerated, with a low risk of causing hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).

Overall, Metformin plays a crucial role in diabetes management and can help improve the quality of life for many individuals with type 2 diabetes.

Benefits of Metformin

Metformin is a widely used medication for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It helps in lowering blood sugar levels by decreasing glucose production in the liver and improving the body’s sensitivity to insulin. Here are some key benefits of Metformin:

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1. Improved Glycemic Control

Metformin helps in reducing blood sugar levels and maintaining glycemic control in individuals with type 2 diabetes. It enhances insulin sensitivity and decreases insulin resistance, leading to better management of blood glucose levels.

2. Weight Management

Metformin can also aid in weight management, as it may cause a modest amount of weight loss in some individuals. This can be beneficial for individuals with diabetes who are overweight or obese.

Overall, Metformin is an effective medication for the management of type 2 diabetes and offers multiple benefits, including improved glycemic control and weight management.



Metformin is commonly used to treat type 2 diabetes by controlling blood sugar levels. It is usually taken by mouth with meals to reduce the risk of stomach upset. It is important to follow the dosage instructions provided by your healthcare provider to ensure maximum effectiveness.

Metformin can be taken alone or in combination with other medications to manage diabetes. It is important to monitor your blood sugar levels regularly while taking Metformin to adjust the dosage as needed. Do not change the dosage or stop taking Metformin without consulting your doctor.

Metformin should be stored at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep track of your medication supplies and refill your prescriptions on time to avoid interruptions in your treatment plan.

Recommended Dosage

Recommended Dosage

Metformin is typically taken orally with meals. The recommended dose varies depending on your medical condition, response to treatment, and other medications you may be taking. It is important to follow your doctor’s instructions and the dosage prescribed on the label.

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Generally, the starting dose for adults is usually 500 mg or 850 mg once daily. Your doctor may gradually increase your dose to achieve the desired blood sugar control. The maximum recommended dose is 2000 mg per day.

It is important to take the medication regularly and at the same time each day to get the most benefit from it. Do not increase or decrease your dose without consulting your doctor.

Administration of Metformin

Metformin should be taken orally with food. It is usually taken 1-3 times daily, depending on the prescribed dosage and the individual’s response to the medication. It is essential to follow the doctor’s instructions regarding the timing and frequency of administration.

Prior to taking Metformin, it is important to carefully read the label and any accompanying patient information leaflet. If there are any questions or concerns, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional.

Important Points to Consider:

1. Timing: It is recommended to take Metformin at the same time(s) each day to maintain a consistent level of the medication in the bloodstream.

2. Dosage Adjustment: It is crucial to follow the prescribed dosage and not adjust it without consulting a healthcare provider. Changes in dosage should only be made under medical supervision.

Side Effects

While Metformin is generally well-tolerated, some individuals may experience side effects. It is important to be aware of potential side effects and consult with a healthcare provider if any occur.

Common side effects:

– Nausea

– Vomiting

– Diarrhea

– Abdominal discomfort

– Loss of appetite

Less common side effects:

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– Lactic acidosis (rare but serious)

– Vitamin B12 deficiency

– Skin rash

– Taste disturbances

It is important to notify your healthcare provider if you experience any side effects while taking Metformin. They can provide guidance on managing side effects and determine if any adjustments to your treatment plan are necessary.

Possible Side Effects

While Metformin is generally well-tolerated, some people may experience certain side effects. It is important to be aware of potential side effects and consult your healthcare provider if you experience any of the following:

Gastrointestinal Issues:

Common side effects include diarrhea, nausea, and stomach upset. These symptoms usually improve over time as your body adjusts to the medication. It is recommended to take Metformin with food to reduce gastrointestinal discomfort.


In rare cases, Metformin may cause low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia), especially if taken with other diabetes medications. Symptoms of hypoglycemia include dizziness, confusion, sweating, and hunger. It is important to monitor your blood sugar levels regularly while taking Metformin.

If you experience severe or persistent side effects, or any other unusual symptoms, contact your healthcare provider immediately.

Managing Side Effects

Managing the side effects of Metformin is important for the overall well-being of the patient. Here are some tips to help minimize and cope with the possible side effects:

  1. Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water throughout the day.
  2. Monitor your blood sugar levels regularly and consult your healthcare provider if you notice any changes.
  3. Follow a healthy diet and exercise regularly to help control blood sugar levels and maintain a healthy weight.
  4. Avoid consuming alcohol while taking Metformin as it can increase the risk of side effects.
  5. Report any persistent or severe side effects to your healthcare provider immediately.